Today’s flag is the flag of Turkmenistan, known officially only as Turkmenistan.
Design: The flag of Turkmenistan consists of a green field with a vertical red stripe to the left. Within the red stripe are five carpet gulls stacked on top of each other above 2 crossed olive branches. In the upper field, to the right of the vertical red stripe, lies a white waxing crescent moon and five white five-pointed stars. The flag has an aspect ratio of 2:3.
Meaning: The color green and the crescent represent Islam. The crescent is also a common symbol in Turkic flags. The olive branches represent peace and were added to represent Turkmenistan’s “status of permanent neutrality,” which was accepted by the United National General Assembly on 12 December 1995. The five stars represent the 5 provinces of Turkmenistan: Ahal, Balkan, Dasoguz, Lebap, and Mary. The carpet gulls represent Turkmenistan’s famous carpet industry.
History: Turkmenistan did not immediately replace the Turkmen SSR flag, which consisted of a red field with two blue stripes in the center, representing the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, and the hammer and sickle and star in the top left, after it gained its independence from the U.S.S.R on 27 October 1991. The country continued to use the SSR flag until 27 September 1992, when the first version of the current flag was adopted. This flag differed in that it lacked the olive branches, the crescent and stars were placed differently, and it had an aspect ratio of 1:2, in contrast to the current aspect ratio of 2:3. On 29 January 1997, the two olive branches were added and the crescent and stars positions were changed to their current position. On January 24 2001, the aspect ratio was changed from 1:2 to 2:3, bringing s to the flag of today.
Bonus fact #1
: The olive branches were inspired by the olive branches on the flag of the United Nations.
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