In 1911, King George V and Queen Mary were to be proclaimed Emperor and Empress of India. That was the first and only time that a British sovereign attended the durbar, which was hailed as the largest gathering of princes, noblemen and landed gentry in India to pay homage to their sovereigns. The King and Queen should never be outdone by the petty rulers. They were sure these local princes would come garbed with all the gold and diamonds in their treasure chest. It was decided that they should showcase the crown jewels with them. But British law prohibits anyone from taking these treasures outside Great Britain. A new set of coronation regalia had to be made! Thus, the India Office commissioned Garrard and Co. to make the Imperial Crown of India for King George V. It has eight arches, with 6170 exquisitely cut diamonds, and covered with sapphires, emeralds and rubies, with a velvet and miniver cap all weighing 34.05 ounces (965 g). However, Queen Mary was without the empress' crown. She nevertheless commissioned the famed jeweler to make a grand tiara for the coronation, paying the cost of this splendid jewel out from her own pocket! Thus, while the Emperor's crown forms part of the Crown Jewels, the Delhi Durbar Tiara remains a private possession of the Royal Family.
More about the story of this tiara here: http://royal-splendor.blogspot.com/2018/01/queen-mary-and-delhi-durbar-tiara.html.
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