Une voiture française classique pour le #14juillet
- a #CitroënGS
Club. Created to fill the Grand Canyon-sized chasm between the 2CV and the DS, it took 14 years for what became the GS to arrive - with Citroën’s first two efforts, Projet C and Projet F, being abandoned after costly development efforts. Projet F reportedly got as far as actually having tooling ordered, but never went into production. As a result, what became the GS was developed on a shoestring budget in three years - retaining elements of the earlier F (The F also influenced the SM, Dyane, and Visa) where possible - most notably the new air-cooled flat four meant as the F’s mid-range powerplant designed by Jean Dupin - it would become the heart of the GS. Because the F’s top model had been planned to use a 1.6 liter version of the water-cooled DS engine, the Air-cooled four was design limited to maximum size of about 1,300cc. The slick, Pininfarina-inflenced cars, styled by Robert Opron, debuted in August of 1970 as four-door fastbacks, with a four-door wagon and a two-door van arriving in 1971. Like the AlfaSud, the GS’ shape suggested a hatchback, but a hatch wasn’t added until the car was updated into the GSA for 1979. The engine and mechanical components were relatively simple but the suspension was hydraulic, just like the DS. Technologically sophisticated and good to drive, the GS was a good seller and finally filled the huge gap in the company’s lineup - and there was even talk of bringing it to North America when it was new. In 1971, about two dozen GS’ were brought over and exhibited at Citroën dealerships - and orders were taken - but by that time the automaker was having regular disputes with the USDOT about ride height and headlights - #Citroën
correctly considered its systems better (and safer) than what DOT mandated. North American Citroën sales were tiny and with the company in serious cash shortage, Citroën didn’t bother with the costly process of federalizing the GS, and left American shores altogether in 1973. Most North American GSs, and there aren’t many, are later imports. The GSA continued into 1986.
#FrenchClassics #ClassicCitroën #CitroënGSClub #CitroënClub #France