Hawaii is pretty neat 🤙
This is an (almost) 360° view at the top of what's known as the Diamond Head crater hike, native name Lēʻahi. It was only about and hour and a half to get up & back down but it had some amazing views at the top.
A lot of people think Diamond Head is an inactive volcano but actually it's a tuff crater, created 300,000 years ago when an ancient coral reef thinned above the mantle enough to allow some cold water to seep down and mix with hot magma. This caused extreme steam and pressure below the reef, which eventually exploded, shattering the reef and sending its pieces flying into the air, landing in a crater shape.
The land, once owned by locals, was bought for what is now still worth less than only $100,000 by the federal government to use as an army base. A Fire Bunker (a bunker for firing weaponry, not fire as in flames) was built into the mountain, allowing the army to watch for incoming planes without being seen. Despite having large guns built on top of the mountain for defence, no bullets have ever been fired from Lēʻahi. During Pearl Harbour, watchmen could see the planes approaching but they were out of their guns' reach. All they could do was watch.
In the 4th & 5th photos, the furthest left point of the island with white buildings, that is Pearl Harbour.
Later the land was sold back to the city to be opened as a regional park and hiking trail.
The modern name, Diamond Head, comes from the heaps of calcite crystals found which people mistook for diamonds. Archaologists have found human remains in the caves atop the mountain (off limits to exploration), many believed to have been used for human sacrifice to the wind gods.
(Information via our tour guide from O'ahu Nature Tours)
#hawaii #honolulu #hike #culture #hawaiitours #diamondheadcrater #travel #pearlharbour